NetSuite Nuances: Year-End vs Month-End Closing

by | Jan 5, 2024 | NetSuite Fundamentals, New to NetSuite


In the realm of financial management and accounting, the processes of year-end close and month-end close are crucial milestones. For businesses leveraging NetSuite, these events hold distinct significance, each carrying its own set of procedures and implications. Understanding the disparities between the year-end close and month-end close within NetSuite is fundamental for efficient financial operations and compliance. 


This post will outline key steps taken during both the month-end close and year-end close processes. Even though the processes are similar, a few key differences are highlighted. 

Month-End Close in NetSuite:

The month-end close process involves the reconciliation of the NetSuite chart of accounts and the finalization of transactions for an associated accounting period, typically every month. It encompasses various tasks, including, but not limited to: 

  • Reconciliation of Accounts: Reviewing and ensuring the accuracy of accounts, such as bank statements, general ledger accounts, and other financial records. 
  • Researching Discrepancies & Automated Entries: Negative inventory postings, cost accounting, date/period mismatches, foreign currency valuations, and eliminating intercompany transactions typically are reviewed before closing a period.
  • Accruals and Adjustments: Recording any accrued expenses, adjusting journal entries, and recognizing revenues or expenses that belong to the current period. 
  • Financial Reporting: The generation of financial statements, such as income statements, cash flow statements, and balance sheet reports by NetSuite, assesses the company’s performance and financial position effectively. Budget reports and other key performance indicators (KPIs) are typically reviewed as part of the closing process.
  • Closing Procedures: Performing necessary closing activities, including clearing temporary accounts and preparing for the subsequent accounting period. 

Year-End Close in NetSuite:

Contrary to the monthly cycle, the year-end close marks the culmination of the fiscal year. It involves comprehensive reviews and actions to finalize financial records for the entire year. Key aspects of the year-end close process in NetSuite are listed below: 

  • Audit Preparation: Conducting a detailed examination and review of financial records to prepare for external NetSuite audit trail and/or internal reviews. 
  • Account Analysis: Most system accounts are reviewed in detail and reconciled at the end of each year. Examples include Accrued Purchases, Customer Deposits, Bank/Credit Card transit, Inventory Received Not Invoiced, and more.
  • Depreciation and Amortization: Assessing and updating depreciation schedules for assets, calculating amortization expenses, and adjusting accordingly for the new fiscal year. 
  • Closing the Fiscal Year: Closing out financial activities for the current fiscal year, reconciling accounts, and ensuring compliance with regulatory standards and reporting requirements. 
  • Financial Analysis: Evaluating the year’s financial performance, identifying trends, and strategizing based on the insights garnered. 

Key Differences:

  • Scope and Frequency: Month-end closes occur regularly, focusing on shorter periods, while year-end closes encompass an entire fiscal year and happen once annually. 
  • Depth of Review: Year-end closes demand more comprehensive reviews and analyses by NetSuite Analytics than month-end closes due to their broader scope and the need for annual reporting and compliance. 
  • Adjustments and Accruals: Month-end closes primarily focus on adjusting entries and accruals for the current period, while year-end closes involve more extensive adjustments to finalize the entire fiscal year’s financials. 


Both the year-end close and month-end close processes in NetSuite are pivotal in ensuring accurate financial reporting, compliance, and decision-making. Understanding their differences and nuances is imperative for organizations to effectively manage their finances and meet regulatory obligations throughout the fiscal year. 

This knowledge equips finance teams and stakeholders with the insights needed to navigate these critical accounting periods within the NetSuite platform, fostering smoother operations and enhanced financial management. 

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